The urinary tract could become obstructed such as from a kidney stone, tumor, expanding uterus during pregnancy, or enlarged prostate gland. Infection and injury of the kidney could be caused by the buildup of urine. With a kidney stone, frequently the ΑΠΟΦΡΑΞΕΙΣ ΠΕΙΡΑΙΑΣ obstruction is painful. Other obstructions might make no symptoms and be identified simply when a blood or urine test is abnormal or an imaging process, for example an x-ray or ultrasound, identifies it.
Whether obstruction leads to damage to kidney function relies on the extent of obstruction and also the age of the patient.
Blockage of the urinary drainage system at the beginning of the ureter, or the tube that links the kidney and bladder is the most ordinary sort of obstruction. This is named as ureteropelvic junction obstruction. The ureter might be blocked at its relationship with the bladder too, named ureterovesical junction obstruction. If the lower ureter is dilated resembling a balloon, an ureterocele is present, which can obstruct drainage from both kidneys, or half of one kidney.
There perhaps no symptoms from the obstruction by any means, in order that the merely clues derive from the kidneys not running appropriately. However one usual cause, kidney stones, is typically so painful.
Things that block the way out from the bladder frequently leads to problem with passing urine, such as requiring to pass urine much more frequently than common. Absolute obstruction of the bladder or of both kidneys leads to you to stop passing urine totally.
Removing the blockage is the best, but is not always simple, and typically a momentary technique of relieving the obstruction is employed firstly.
By inserting a catheter into the bladder, obstruction to flow from the bladder could be relieved. If this cannot be completed by way of the urethra, at times it is essential to put it straight into the bladder by way of the skin.
A momentary medication is to place a tube into the distended collecting system of the kidney for obstruction to the ureters. This is typically completed employing ultrasound or X-rays to direct a needle into the proper place. However cautiously this is made, there is a danger of bleeding and damaging the kidney whereas doing this. The urine afterward drains by means of a tube that comes out of your back into a bag. This is named an antegrade nephrostomy. A plastic tube named a stent at times could be passed through the obstruction to ease the block. Generally this is done later on, while the kidney has recovered. For weeks or months it might be missing in place.